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Tob Control. 1997 Autumn;6(3):207-12.

A mass media programme to prevent smoking among adolescents: costs and cost effectiveness.

Author information

1
Office of Health Promotion Research, Burlington, Vermont, USA. rseckerw@gnu.uvm.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine costs and cost-effectiveness ratios of a four-year mass media programme previously shown to prevent the onset of smoking among adolescents.

DESIGN:

A matched control design.

SETTING:

Two cities in Montana, one in New York and one in Vermont, USA.

SUBJECTS:

Students in grades 10-12 (ages 15-18).

INTERVENTION:

A four-year mass media campaign to prevent the onset of smoking.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Cost per student potentially exposed to the mass media campaign; cost per student smoker potentially averted; and cost per life-year gained. Cost estimates were also made for a similar campaign that would be broadcast nationally in the United States.

RESULTS:

In 1996 dollars, the cost of developing and broadcasting the mass media campaign was $759,436, and the cost per student potentially exposed to the campaign (n = 18,600) was $41. The cost per student smoker averted (n = 1023) was $754 (95% confidence interval (CI) = $531-$1296). The cost per life-year gained discounted at 3% over the life expectancy for young adult smokers was $696 (95% CI = $445-$1269). The estimated cost of developing and broadcasting a similar four-year mass media campaign in all 209 American media markets would be approximately $84.5 million, at a cost of $8 per student potentially exposed to a national campaign, $162 per student smoker averted, and $138 (95% CI = $88-$252) per life-year gained.

CONCLUSION:

Estimates of the cost-effectiveness ratios of this mass media campaign in preventing the onset of smoking showed it to be economically attractive and to compare favourably with other preventive and therapeutic strategies.

PMID:
9396105
PMCID:
PMC1759579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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