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J Infect Dis. 1997 Dec;176(6):1614-7.

High rate of hepatitis C virus clearance in hemodialysis patients after interferon-alpha therapy.

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Laboratoire de Virologie, and Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Purpan, Centre Hospitalier Toulouse, France.


To gain insight into the long-term effect of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy on hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-positive hemodialysis patients, 23 subjects were given 3 MU of IFN-alpha 3 times a week for 6 (n = 12) or 12 months (n = 11). They were followed for 19 months after cessation of therapy. Sustained serum HCV RNA clearance occurred in 42% of patients treated for 6 months and in 64% of those treated for 12 months. HCV was eradicated from 6 of 13 patients infected with HCV genotype 1b and from 2 of 6 patients also infected with hepatitis G virus. HCV RNA remained undetectable in both serum and a liver biopsy of 2 patients who were given cadaveric kidney transplants after IFN-alpha treatment. These data suggest that HCV RNA-positive dialysis patients can be considered for treatment while receiving dialysis, particularly those awaiting transplant.

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