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Atherosclerosis. 1997 Nov;135(1):119-30.

Cerivastatin: pharmacology of a novel synthetic and highly active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor.

Author information

1
BAYER AG, Business Group Pharma, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, Wuppertal, Germany.

Abstract

The pyridine derivative cerivastatin is a new entirely synthetic and enantiomerically pure inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase. As a sodium salt cerivastatin is present in the active, open ring form. Cerivastatin inhibited the membrane-bound (non-solubilized) HMG-CoA reductase of the native microsomal fraction isolated from rat liver with a Ki value of 1.3 x 10(-9) M. The reference compound lovastatin was 100-fold less potent and exhibited a Ki value of 150 x 10(-9) M. Cerivastatin inhibited the cholesterol synthesis in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cells with a similar IC50 value of 1.0 x 10(-9) M. In vivo studies reflected its high in vitro activity. In both rats and dogs, cerivastatin inhibited the hepatic [14C]cholesterol synthesis from [14C]acetate with an oral ED50 value of 0.002 mg/kg body weight, while lovastatin exhibited an oral ED50 value of 0.3 mg/kg in rats, showing again the ratio of 100 or more between cerivastatin and lovastatin. In the small intestine and testes, cerivastatin was at least 50-fold less active with oral ED50 values higher than 0.1 mg/kg, which is indicative for a high liver selectivity of cerivastatin. In cholestyramine-primed dogs cerivastatin dose-dependently lowered the serum cholesterol concentrations by up to 59% with 0.1 mg/kg after 20 days. Interestingly, the serum triglycerides were markedly reduced by 53 and 76% with 0.03 and 0.1 mg/kg, respectively. In normal chow fed dogs the low density lipoprotein (LDL) concentrations were reduced by up to 75% after 0.1 mg cerivastatin/kg. The ratio of HDL/LDL increased by 81% compared with a change of only 14% in the placebo treated control group. The antiatherogenic effect of cerivastatin was shown in rabbits fed a diet enriched with 0.2% cholesterol. After 9 weeks on diet 0.1 mg cerivastatin/kg decreased the accumulation of cholesterol ester in the arterial tissue by 73%. In summary, these data as compared to published data on other HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors demonstrate cerivastatin to be the most active compound in this class. Vastatins used in therapy are effective in mg doses, while cerivastatin offers a new low dose therapy in the microg range.

PMID:
9395280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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