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Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 1997 Jan-Feb;39(1):15-9.

Immunogenicity of low-dose intramuscular and intradermal vaccination with recombinant hepatitis B vaccine.

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Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brasil.


The study is a randomized trial using recombinant DNA vaccine to determine whether an intramuscular 10 micrograms dose or intradermal 2 micrograms induces satisfactory anti-HBs levels compared to the standard dose of intramuscular 20 micrograms. Participants were 359 healthy medical and nurse students randomly allocated to one of the three groups: Group I-IM 20 micrograms; Group II-IM 10 micrograms; Group III-ID 2 micrograms at 0, 1 and 6 months. Anti-HBs titres were measured after complete vaccine schedule by ELISA/Pasteur. Baseline variables were similar among groups and side effects were mild after any dose. Vaccines in the IM-10 micrograms group had seroconversion rate and geometric mean titre (GMT 2344 IU L-1), not significant different from the IM-20 micrograms group (GMT 4570 IU L-1). On the contrary, 21.4% of the ID-2 micrograms recipients mount antibody concentration below 10 IU L-1 and GMT of 91 IU L-1, a statistically significant difference compared with the standard schedule IM-20 micrograms (p < 0.001). A three dose regimen of half dose IM could be considered an appropriate schedule to prevent hepatitis B in young health adults which is of relevance to the expansion of hepatitis B vaccine programme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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