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Biochem Pharmacol. 1997 Dec 15;54(12):1287-96.

Sustained increase in intracellular free calcium and activation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in mouse hepatoma cells treated with dioxin.

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Center for Environmental Genetics and Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45267-0056, USA.


2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a non-genotoxic environmental pollutant that causes multiple adverse effects in experimental animals and in humans. We show here that TCDD treatment of mouse hepatoma cells causes a rapid mobilization of intracellular calcium both in wild type Hepa-1 cells and in its c2 variant, a cell line that has highly reduced levels of functional aromatic hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor (AHR). In wild type cells, but not in the c2 variant, TCDD treatment leads to a sustained elevation of cytosolic free calcium. TCDD also induces elevated levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA in wild type and in c37, a CYP1A1-deficient cell line, but not in c2 cells. Induction of Cox-2 is in fact dependent on the presence of a functional Ah receptor, since it can be blocked by antisense oligonucleotides to Ah receptor mRNA. Most likely as a consequence of Cox-2 induction, we find a significant increase in the level of 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid (12-HHT) secreted from TCDD-treated Hepa-1 cells. In addition, we observe elevated levels of 6-keto prostaglandin F1alpha in c2 cells and high levels of secreted prostaglandin F2alpha in c2, c37 and c4, the variant cell line lacking aromatic hydrocarbon nuclear translocator protein. These data suggest that Cox-2 activation by TCDD leads to the release of prostaglandins, eicosanoids and other mediators which may have an important role in the biological and toxic effects of TCDD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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