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Diabetologia. 1997 Nov;40(11):1320-6.

Protracted glucose fall in subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle compared with blood during insulin-induced hypoglycaemia.

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Department of Medicine, Huddinge Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


The absolute glucose concentrations in subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle were determined with microdialysis in 10 normal-weight, healthy subjects during a standardized hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemic clamp. The concentration of tissue dialysate glucose was measured in 15-min fractions and compared with that in arterialized venous plasma. Insulin (0.15 U x kg(-1) x h[-1]) was infused i.v. to lower the plasma glucose level to 2.5 mmol/l over 30 min. This level was maintained for 30 min by using a variable glucose infusion. Thereafter, the insulin infusion was stopped and the plasma glucose level was gradually increased to baseline levels over 120 min. During a 60-min basal period, the glucose levels in muscle were 0.6 mmol/l lower than those in plasma (p = 0.002), whereas the levels in adipose tissue and plasma were similar. The glucose nadirs in muscle (1.6 +/- 0.1 mmol/l) and adipose tissue (2.0 +/- 0.1 mmol/l) were significantly lower than that in plasma (2.4 +/- 0.1 mmol/l) (p = 0.001 and 0.02, respectively), and the time-to-nadir was substantially longer in muscle (69 +/- 5 min) and adipose tissue (57 +/- 2 min) than in plasma (39 +/- 3 min) (p = 0.0004). When the insulin infusion was stopped, the increases in adipose tissue and muscle glucose concentrations were delayed by approximately 25 and 45 min, respectively, as compared to the increase in plasma glucose. Thus, it seems that glucose measurements in adipose tissue and muscle more adequately reflect overall tissue homeostasis than do measurements in blood and that clinically relevant tissue glucopenia may be overlooked by conventional blood glucose measurements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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