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Protein Sci. 1997 Nov;6(11):2474-6.

Purification, characterization, and crystallization of Escherichia coli ribokinase.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden.


Ribokinase phosphorylates ribose to form ribose-5-phosphate in the presence of ATP and magnesium. The phosphorylated sugar can enter the pentose phosphate pathway or be used for the synthesis of nucleotides, histidine, and tryptophan. Ribokinase belongs to the PfkB family of carbohydrate kinases, for which no three-dimensional structure is currently known. We describe an improved purification protocol for Escherichia coli ribokinase and give evidence from light-scattering and gel filtration studies that the protein forms a dimer in solution. Several types of crystals are also described that have been obtained of apo ribokinase, ribokinase in the presence of ATP, and in a ternary complex with an ATP-analogue and ribose. The latter crystals give the best X-ray diffraction. A complete data set has been collected at the synchrotron source in Hamburg, to 2.6 A resolution using a frozen crystal. The crystals belong to space group P6(1)22 or P6(5)22 with cell parameters a = b = 95 A and c = 155 A.

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