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Arch Microbiol. 1997 Dec;168(6):504-12.

Characterization of oleate-nonutilizing mutants of Aspergillus nidulans isolated by the 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole positive selection method.

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Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad Farmacia, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.


Conidia of Aspergillus nidulans were mutagenized with ultraviolet light and were incubated on a special selective medium containing the catalase inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole. From approximately 5 x 10(7) viable UV-irradiated conidia tested, 423 stable mutants resistant to 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole were recovered, of which 40 were unable to grow on minimal medium with oleic acid as the sole carbon source. These oleate-nonutilizing (Ole-) mutants did not grow on medium with carbon sources requiring functional peroxisomes (oleate, butyrate, acetate, or ethanol), but grew well on medium with carbon sources supposedly not requiring such organelles (glucose, glycerol, l-glutamate, or l-proline). The Ole- mutants carried mutations in one of five nuclear genes affecting acetate utilization: acuJ, acuH, acuE, acuL, and perA. The perA21 strain (DL21) carried a mutation in a gene that is not allelic with any of the known acu loci and displayed a phenotype resembling that described in the Pim- (peroxisome import defective) mutants of Hansenula polymorpha. Hyphae of the perA21 mutant contained a few small peroxisomes with the bulk of peroxisomal enzymes remaining in the 20,000 x g supernatant, but produced wild-type levels of penicillin.

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