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Arch Anat Cytol Pathol. 1997;45(2-3):174-8.

[Muscular complications in HIV infection].

[Article in French]

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Département de Pathologie, Hôpital Henri-Mondor, Créteil, France.


Skeletal muscle involvement may occur at all stages of HIV-infection and represents the first manifestation of the disease into some patients. We usually classify muscle involvement in HIV-infected patients in one of the following categories: HIV-associated myopathy, a myopathy that meets the criteria for polymyositis in a majority of patients, and those for acquired nemaline myopathy in some cases (1); zidovudine myopathy, a reversible mitochondrial myopathy (2); HIV-wasting syndrome and other AIDS-associated cachexias (3); opportunistic infections and tumor infiltrations of the skeletal muscle (4); vasculitic processes and iron pigment deposits (5); HIV-associated myasthenia gravis (6) and rhabdomyolysis (7). Immunohistology for major histocompatibility complex class I antigen and histochemical reaction for cytochrome coxidase are helpful in the correct classification of a myopathy as HIV polymyositis or zidovudine myopathy.

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