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Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Oct 1;25(19):3751-9.

The mechanism of U insertion/deletion RNA editing in kinetoplastid mitochondria.

Author information

1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1662, USA.

Abstract

Recent advances in in vitrosystems and identification of putative enzymatic activities have led to the acceptance of a modified 'enzyme cascade' model for U insertion/deletion RNA editing in kinetoplastid mitochondria. Models involving the transfer of uridines (Us) from the 3'-end of gRNA to the editing site appear to be untenable. Two types of in vitrosystems have been reported: (i) a gRNA-independent U insertion activity that is dependent on the secondary structure of the mRNA; (ii) a gRNA-dependent U insertion activity that requires addition of a gRNA that can form an anchor duplex with the pre-edited mRNA and which contains guiding A and G nucleotides to base pair with the added Us. In the case of the gRNA-mediated reaction, the precise site of cleavage is at the end of the gRNA-mRNA anchor duplex, as predicted by the original model. The model has been modified to include the addition of multiple Us to the 3'-end of the 5'-cleavage fragment, followed by the formation of base pairs with the guiding nucleotides and trimming back of the single-stranded oligo(U) 3'-overhang. The two fragments, which are held together by the gRNA 'splint', are then ligated. Circumstantial in vitroevidence for involvement of an RNA ligase and an endoribonuclease, which are components of a 20S complex, was obtained. Efforts are underway in several laboratories to isolate and characterize specific components of the editing machinery.

PMID:
9380494
PMCID:
PMC146959
DOI:
10.1093/nar/25.19.3751
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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