Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 1997 Sep 25;15(13):1503-11.

MEK1 mediates a positive feedback on Raf-1 activity independently of Ras and Src.

Author information

Institute of Medical Virology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.


Growth factor stimulated receptor tyrosine kinases activate a protein kinase cascade via the serine/threonine protein kinase Raf-1. Direct upstream activators of Raf-1 are Ras and Src. This study shows that MEK1, the direct downstream effector of Raf-1, can also stimulate Raf-1 kinase activity by a positive feedback loop. Activated MEK1 mediates hyperphosphorylation of the amino terminal regulatory as well as of the carboxy terminal catalytic domain of Raf-1. The hyperphosphorylation of Raf-1 correlates with a change in the tryptic phosphopeptide pattern only at the carboxy terminus of Raf-1 and an increase in Raf-1 kinase activity. MEK1-mediated Raf-1 activation is inhibited by co-expression of the MAPK specific phosphatase MKP-1 indicating that the MEK1 effect is exerted through a MAPK dependent pathway. Stimulation of Raf-1 activity by MEK1 is independent of Ras, Src and tyrosine phosphorylation of Raf-1. MEK1 can however synergize with Ras and leads to further increase of the Raf-1 kinase activity. Thus, MEK1 can mediate activation of Raf-1 by a novel positive feedback mechanism which allows fast signal amplification and could prolong activation of Raf-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center