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J Vet Diagn Invest. 1997 Oct;9(4):375-80.

An improved method for cultivation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from bovine fecal samples and comparison to three other methods.

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Zoonotic Diseases Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, Ames, IA 50010, USA.


A new method (NADC) for isolation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from fecal samples is described and evaluated using fecal samples from a known paratuberculosis-infected herd of cattle. The NADC method includes centrifugation of the total fecal sample supernatant and use of a 2-step decontamination protocol. The growth rate of M. paratuberculosis and contamination rate of cultures when using this method are compared to 3 other published methods: sedimentation, centrifugation, and Cornell. Sensitivity was lowest for the Cornell method precluding detection of some low shedders; however, contamination was not observed for this method. Contamination was the most severe in samples processed by the centrifugation method but was also high for the sedimentation method, resulting in unreadable culture tubes for some fecal samples. The NADC method was 10-fold more sensitive for detection of M. paratuberculosis colonies and contamination was significantly reduced compared to other 3 methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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