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Ann Med. 1997 Aug;29(4):297-304.

Regional differences in the incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among children in Finland from 1987 to 1991. Childhood Diabetes in Finland (DiMe) Study Group.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland. Marjatta.Karvonen@ktl.fi

Abstract

The regional pattern of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) incidence among children in Finland was analysed applying several methods attempting to describe the geographical variation in occurrence of IDDM. From 1987 to 1991 the number of newly diagnosed cases aged 14 years or less at diagnosis was 1728. The incidence, the incidence rate ratio and the Bayes relative risk (RR) for IDDM were calculated by municipality, by functional area (an urban centre with a subordinated surrounding area) and by area with a population of equal size at risk employing the Geographical Information Systems. The association of IDDM incidence with the degree of urbanization was assessed using the population density as a criterion for the degree of urbanization. The overall mean of the IDDM incidence was 35 per 100000 persons per year. Between municipalities the incidence varied from 4 to 245 per 100000 persons per year, whereas a clear regional pattern was seen among the functional areas and the incidence varied from 26 to 43 per 100000 persons per year. The RR for IDDM among the municipalities ranged from 0.82 to 1.34 and from 0.73 to 1.27 among the functional areas. The incidence determined in four zones with the same size of population was the highest in the middle part of the country. There was a strong inverse correlation between population density and the incidence of IDDM and this also applied to the relationship between child population density and incidence.

PMID:
9375986
DOI:
10.3109/07853899708999351
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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