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Am J Physiol. 1997 Nov;273(5 Pt 1):G1061-70.

Gastrin inhibits secretin-induced ductal secretion by interaction with specific receptors on rat cholangiocytes.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas 76508, USA.


We assessed the effect of gastrin on ductal secretion in normal and bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats. The effect of gastrin on ductal secretion was examined in the presence of proglumide, a specific antagonist for gastrin receptor (GR). We isolated pure cholangiocytes from normal and BDL rats and assessed gastrin effects on secretin receptor (SR) gene expression and intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels. We examined the presence of GR mRNA in cholangiocytes by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In normal or BDL rats, gastrin produced no changes in spontaneous bile secretion. Simultaneous infusion of gastrin inhibited secretin-induced choleresis and bicarbonate output in BDL rats. In the presence of proglumide gastrin did not inhibit secretin-induced choleresis in BDL rats. Gastrin decreased in cholangiocytes from BDL rats 1) SR gene expression and 2) secretin-induced cAMP levels. With the use of RT-PCR, GR mRNA was detected in cholangiocytes. Similar to what is shown for secretin and somatostatin, we propose that the opposing effects of secretin and gastrin on cholangiocyte secretory activity regulate ductal secretion in rats.

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