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Am J Physiol. 1997 Nov;273(5):E868-79. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1997.273.5.E868.

Inhibition of glycogenolysis enhances gluconeogenic precursor uptake by the liver of conscious dogs.

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1
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0615, USA.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of inhibiting glycogenolysis on gluconeogenesis in 18-h-fasted conscious dogs with the use of intragastric administration of BAY R 3401, a glycogen phosphorylase inhibitor. Isotopic ([3-3H]glucose and [U-14C]alanine) and arteriovenous difference methods were used to assess glucose metabolism. Each study consisted of a 100-min equilibration, a 40-min control, and two 90-min test periods. Endogenous insulin and glucagon secretions were inhibited with somatostatin (0.8 microgram.kg-1.min-1), and the two hormones were replaced intraportally (insulin: 0.25 mU.kg-1.min-1; glucagon: 0.6 ng.kg-1.min-1). Drug (10 mg/kg) or placebo was given after the control period. Insulin and glucagon were kept at basal levels in the first test period, after which glucagon infusion was increased to 2.4 ng.kg-1.min-1; BAY R 3401 decreased tracer-determined endogenous glucose production [rate of glucose production (Ra): 14 +/- 1 to 7 +/- 1 mumol.kg-1.min-1] and net hepatic glucose output (11 +/- 1 to 3 +/- 2 mumol.kg-1.min-1) during test 1. It increased the net hepatic uptake of gluconeogenic substrates from 9.0 +/- 2.0 to 11.6 +/- 0.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1. Basal glycogenolysis was decreased by drug (9.1 +/- 0.7 to 1.5 +/- 0.2 mumol glucosyl U.kg-1.min-1). Placebo had no effect on Ra or the uptake of gluconeogenic precursors by the liver. The rise in glucagon increased Ra by 22 +/- 3 and by 8 +/- 2 mumol.kg-1.min-1 (at 10 min) in placebo and drug, respectively. The rise in glucagon caused little change in the net hepatic uptake (mumol.kg-1.min-1) of gluconeogenic substrates in placebo (8.2 +/- 0.6 to 9.0 +/- 1.0) but increased it markedly (11.6 +/- 0.6 to 15.4 +/- 1.0) in drug. Glucagon increased glycogenolysis by 22.1 +/- 2.5 and by 7.8 +/- 1.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1 in placebo and drug, respectively. The amount of glycogen (mumol glucosyl U/kg) synthesized from gluconeogenic carbon was four times higher in drug (48.6 +/- 9.7) than in placebo (11.3 +/- 1.7). We conclude that BAY R 3401 caused a marked reduction in basal and glucagon-stimulated glycogenolysis. As a result of these changes, there was an increase in the net hepatic uptake of gluconeogenic precursors and in glycogen synthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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