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J Anim Sci. 1997 Nov;75(11):2970-9.

Endogenous recoveries and true ileal digestibilities of amino acids in newly weaned pigs fed diets with protease-treated soybean meal.

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Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.


Endogenous recoveries and true ileal digestibilities of amino acids were determined in pigs fed cornstarch-based diets with untreated or protease-treated soybean meal as protein sources. Twelve pigs, fitted with a modified post valve T-cecum cannula on d 14, 15, and 16 after birth, were weaned on d 20 and assigned to one of four diets according to a two-period balanced change-over design. Diets consisted of soybean meal 1) untreated (SBM), 2) incubated (1:2 wt/vol in distilled water adjusted to pH 4.5, for 16 h at 50 degrees C; CI-SBM), 3) sprayed with protease (1 microL/g of soybean meal; PS-SBM), and 4) incubated, as for CI-SBM, with protease in the water (PI-SBM) at the same application rate as that for PS-SBM. Each period consisted of 5 d of adaptation to diets followed by collection of ileal digesta on d 6 and 7 to determine the apparent ileal amino acid digestibilities of the diets. On d 9, guanidinated meals were fed, followed by a 24-h continuous collection of digesta. Recoveries of chromic oxide and dysprosium from the guanidinated meals were 96.0 +/- .5 and 94.5 +/- 1.1%, respectively. Endogenous amino acid recoveries were similar (P > .05) for SBM, CI-SBM, and PS-SBM but less (P < .05) for PI-SBM. True digestibilities were also less (P < .05) for PI-SBM than for the other meals. Recoveries of endogenous branched-chain and aromatic amino acids were less (P < .05) during Period 2 than during Period 1, suggesting dietary change- and(or) age-dependent adaptive increases in the secretions of pepsin and pancreatic proteases. In conclusion, protease treatment did not improve the true digestibilities of amino acids in soybean meal fed to newly weaned pigs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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