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J Anim Sci. 1997 Nov;75(11):2962-9.

Apparent ileal digestibilities of amino acids in newly weaned pigs fed diets with protease-treated soybean meal.

Author information

1
Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands. wcaine@afns.ualberta.ca

Abstract

Apparent ileal digestibilities of amino acids were determined in pigs fed cornstarch-based diets with untreated or protease-treated soybean meal as the protein source. Sixteen pigs were fitted with a modified post valve T-cecum cannula on d 14, 15, and 16 after birth and then returned to their sows until d 20 when they were weaned. Twelve of the pigs were selected for the study, which was conducted according to a two-period balanced change-over design. Treatments consisted of soybean meal that was 1) untreated (SBM), 2) processed by incubation (1:2 wt/vol distilled water adjusted to pH 4.5, for 16 h at 50 degrees C; CI-SBM), 3) sprayed with protease (supplied at 1 microL/g of soybean meal; PS-SBM), and 4) processed by incubation, as for CI-SBM, with protease in the water at the rate of 1 microL/g of soybean meal (PI-SBM). Each period consisted of 5 d of adaptation to diets followed by three 8-h collection periods (total of 24 h) that alternated with 8-h periods in which digesta were not collected. Apparent CP digestibilities were similar (P > .05) at 70.4, 72.4, 65.2, and 70.3% for the SBM, CI-SBM, PS-SBM, and PI-SBM diets, respectively. Corresponding amino acid digestibilities were also similar (P > .05), ranging from 62.5, 67.5, 57.9, and 65.0% for alanine to 83.5, 83.4, 78.7, and 84.7% for arginine. Apparent digestibilities were less (P < .05) for Period 1 (on d 7 after weaning) than for Period 2 (on d 16 after weaning). In conclusion, protease treatment of soybean meal had no effect on ileal digestibilities of CP and amino acids in newly weaned pigs.

PMID:
9374311
DOI:
10.2527/1997.75112962x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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