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Brain Res. 1997 Sep 19;769(1):141-51.

Autoradiographic evidence for differential G-protein coupling of 5-HT1A receptors in rat brain: lack of effect of repeated injections of fluoxetine.

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Department of Pharmacology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, IL 60153, USA.


The present study examined the distribution of [3H]8-OH-DPAT-labeled 5-HT1A receptors and their degree of coupling to G proteins in the hypothalamus and several other brain regions. In addition, we also investigated the effects of repeated injections of fluoxetine on the density and G protein coupling of 5-HT1A receptors in hypothalamic nuclei and other brain regions using autoradiography. Male rats received daily injections of either fluoxetine (10 mg/kg, ip) for 3, 7, 14 and 22 days, or saline for 22 days. 5-HT1A receptors were labeled by 2 nM [3H]8-hydroxy-2-(dipropylamino)tetralin ([3H]8-OH-DPAT) in the absence or presence of guanylylimidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p, 10[-5] M) to determine the percentage of 5-HT1A receptors coupled to G proteins. 5-HT1A receptor densities ranged from 7 to 63 fmol/mg tissue equivalent among hypothalamic nuclei. Similarly, the degree of G protein coupling to 5-HT1A receptors varied markedly among hypothalamic nuclei (from 14% to 61%) and among other brain regions (from 17% to 85%). Fluoxetine did not alter the density or the degree of coupling of 5-HT1A receptors in any brain regions. These data indicate marked regional differences in the degree of G protein-coupled 5-HT1A receptors and suggest that fluoxetine-induced desensitization of hypothalamic 5-HT1A receptors is not mediated by changes in receptor density or G protein coupling.

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