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Vision Res. 1997 Sep;37(18):2511-26.

Accommodation without feedback suggests directional signals specify ocular focus.

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Schnurmacher Institute for Vision Research, State College of Optometry, State University of New York, New York 10010, USA.


Accommodation was monitored continuously under open-loop conditions while subjects viewed a sinusoidally oscillating sine-wave grating (0.2 Hz; +/- 1 D; 2.7 c/d; 0.56 contrast) in a Badal optometer. The target was illuminated by monochromatic light (590 nm) or white light (3000 K) with longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) normal, doubled, neutralized and reversed. Subjects (12) accommodated well in white light with LCA normal and doubled (mean gains = 0.85 and 0.94), gain was reduced in the neutralized condition (0.54), in monochromatic light (0.43), and especially when LCA was reversed (0.30). The results suggest that accommodation responds to changes in the relative contrast of spectral components of the retinal image and perhaps to the vergence of light.

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