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Immunotechnology. 1995 Dec;1(3-4):157-68.

CD59: its role in complement regulation and potential for therapeutic use.

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Molecular Medicine Research Laboratories, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. Tsukuba, Japan.


CD59 regulates complement activation cascade at the final step, inhibiting formation of membrane attack complex (MAC). This protein, being anchored to the cell membrane via glycosyl phosphatidyl inositol (GPI), is expressed ubiquitously on cells which are in contact with body fluids containing components. Recently, MAC formation has been reported to play an important role in pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases such as ischemia or autoimmune diseases. In this review, we describe the structure and biological activities of CD59, the pathogenic role of MAC formation, and discuss application of soluble molecules of CD59 for therapeutic use.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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