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Gene. 1997 Oct 24;200(1-2):107-16.

A binary-BAC system for plant transformation with high-molecular-weight DNA.

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Plant Science Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


A binary-BAC (BIBAC) vector suitable for Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation with high-molecular-weight DNA was constructed. A BIBAC vector is based on the bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library vector and is also a binary vector for Agrobacterium-mediated plant transformation. The BIBAC vector has the minimal origin region of the Escherichia coli F plasmid and the minimal origin of replication of the Agrobacterium rhizogenes Ri plasmid, and thus replicates as a single-copy plasmid in both E. coli and in A. tumefaciens. The T-DNA of the BIBAC vector can be transferred into the plant nuclear genome. As examples, a 30-kb yeast genomic DNA fragment and a 150-kb human genomic DNA fragment were inserted into the BIBAC vector; these constructs were maintained in both E. coli and A. tumefaciens. In order to increase the efficiency of transfer of unusually large BIBAC T-DNAs, helper plasmids that carry additional copies of A. tumefaciens virulence genes virG and virE were constructed. These helper plasmids are compatible with, and can be present in addition to, the BIBAC vector in the A. tumefaciens host. This report details the components of the BIBAC system, providing information essential to the general understanding and the application of this new technology.

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