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Mutat Res. 1997 Oct;385(1):13-20.

Interaction between DNA-dependent protein kinase and a novel protein, KIP.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.


DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs) is the only eukaryotic kinase activated by DNA ends. Mutation of DNA-PKcs results in murine severe combined immune deficiency in mice and radiation sensitivity. Both the immune and the radiation defects are due to a failure in double-strand break repair. Biochemical studies indicate that DNA-PKcs kinase activity is stimulated by the presence of the DNA end binding protein. Ku. Autophosphorylation of DNA-PKcs results in its inactivation. Based on these studies, DNA-PKcs is presumed to play a direct and important role in the repair of double-strand breaks, but the details of its role are quite unclear. We have done two-hybrid analysis of this entire protein to identify other proteins with which it interacts. Thus far, extensive analysis has only revealed one strong interaction that satisfies both high genetic and biochemical stringency. The interaction is with a novel human protein that has 26% amino acid identity with the phosphatase component, calcineurin B. We discuss the interaction of DNA-PKcs with this novel calcium-binding protein family member in the context of possible kinase-phosphatase regulation of DNA end joining.

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