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Brain Res. 1997 Oct 3;770(1-2):60-4.

Effects of REM sleep deprivation on the d-amphetamine-induced self-mutilating behavior.

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Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, UAM-Iztapalapa, México D.F., Mexico.


It is well known that self-mutilating behavior (SMB) is developed in rats and humans during the daily treatment with d-amphetamine. Accordingly, in this work it was found that the daily treatment with 7.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine induced in rats a progressive appearance of SMB. Lower doses (5.0 mg/kg) were uneffective and higher doses (10 mg/kg) produced a pattern of SMB in which the mutilation induced at the beginning of the d-amphetamine administration disappears completely as the treatment progresses. Interestingly, it was also found that REM sleep deprivation (48 h) potentiated significantly the SMB induced by the daily administration of 7.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine, and to lesser extent, the SMB induced by the daily treatment with 10 mg/kg d-amphetamine. R(+)-SCH-23390 a D1 dopamine (DA) receptor antagonist blocked completely or abolished the SMB induced by 7.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine in REM sleep deprived rats while (+/-)-sulpiride a D2 DA receptor antagonist had only a partial blocking effect. Haloperidol a D1/D2 DA receptor antagonist behaved as a D1 antagonist. Our results indicate that REM sleep deprivation enhances the SMB induced by the daily administration of d-amphetamine and suggest the involvement of D1 DA receptors in the mechanism underlying the SMB. A role of REM sleep deprivation is also suggested in the appearance of self-mutilating episodes in d-amphetamine addicts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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