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J Med Chem. 1997 Nov 7;40(23):3829-35.

Synthesis and evaluation of (S)-4-(3-(2'-[11C]isopropylamino)-2-hydroxypropoxy) -2H-benzimidazol -2-one ((S)-[11C]CGP 12388) and (S)-4-(3-((1'-[18F]-fluoroisopropyl)amino)-2-hydroxypropoxy) -2H- benzimidazol-2-one ((S)-[18F]fluoro-CGP 12388) for visualization of beta-adrenoceptors with positron emission tomography.

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PET-center, University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands.


The beta-adrenoceptor antagonist (S)-[11C]CGP 12177 (4-(3-(tert-butylamino)-2-hydroxypropoxy)-2H-benzimidazol -2[11C]- one) is a generally accepted radioligand for cardiac and pulmonary PET studies. The synthesis of [11C]CGP 12177 is a laborious and often troublesome procedure. Therefore, (S)-CGP 12388 (4-(3-(isopropylamino)-2-hydroxypropoxy) -2H-benzimidazol-2-one), 5, the isopropyl analogue of CGP 12177, has been labeled with carbon-11 in the isopropyl group via a reductive alkylation by [11C]acetone (3) of the corresponding (S)-desisopropyl compound 2. The fluoro-substituted analogue of (S)-CGP 12388 was prepared by reacting 2 with [18F]fluoroacetone (4). (S)-[11C]CGP 12388 (5) was easily prepared via a one-pot procedure. The radiochemical yield of (S)-[11C]CGP 12388 (600-800 Ci/mmol, EOS) was 18% (EOB) with a total synthesis time of 35 min, whereas (S)-[18F]fluoro-CGP 12388 (6) (> 2000 Ci/mmol, EOS) was synthesized in 105 min with a radiochemical yield of 12% (EOB). Biodistribution studies in rats demonstrated specific binding to beta-adrenoceptors of (S)-[18F]fluoro-CGP 12388 and (S)-[11C]CGP 12388 in lung and heart. The lungs were clearly visualized with PET studies of rats. Total/nonspecific binding at 60 min postinjection was 5.6 for (S)-[11C]CGP 12388 and 2.0 for the (S)-18F compound. Due to its facile synthetic procedure and in vivo data, (S)-[11C]CGP 12388 is a promising beta-adrenoceptor ligand for clinical PET.

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