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Brain Res. 1997 Sep 12;768(1-2):71-85.

Role of respiratory and non-respiratory neurones in the region of the NTS in the elaboration of the sneeze reflex in cat.

Author information

1
URA CNRS 1331, Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Picardie, Amiens, France.

Abstract

Extracellular recordings were made in the dorsal respiratory group (DRG) and adjacent reticular formation following single-shock stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve (AEN) and during sneeze evoked by repetitive stimulation of the AEN in nembutal-anaesthetized, curarized and ventilated cats. These neurones were characterised according to (i) their activity during the respiratory cycle (as inspiratory augmenting or decrementing (I Aug or I Dec), expiratory augmenting or decrementing (E Aug or E Dec), silent or tonic), and (ii) their axonal projection (bulbospinal or non-bulbospinal-non-vagal (BS or NBS-NV)). Following single-shock stimulation of the AEN, most of the inspiratory neurones were transiently inhibited, whereas E Aug neurones were activated and E Dec neurones were activated and then inhibited. Silent neurones responded with a multispike or a paucispike pattern. Following repetitive stimulation of the AEN and during the resulting sneeze reflex, I Aug neurones increased their activity in parallel with the phrenic activity, I Dec neurones fired at the onset and at the end of the inspiration, E Dec and some silent neurones fired either during the compressive phase or after the expulsive phase, whereas E Aug and some silent neurones fired during the expulsive phase. We conclude that sneeze involves a reconfiguration of the central respiratory drive which uses, at least partly, the respiratory network to trigger a non-ventilatory defensive motor act.

PMID:
9369303
DOI:
10.1016/s0006-8993(97)00602-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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