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J Mol Biol. 1997 Oct 17;273(1):1-6.

A mutant form of mitochondrial GrpE suppresses the sorting defect caused by an alteration in the presequence of cytochrome b2.

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Institut für Biochemie und Molekularbiologie, Universität Freiburg, Germany.


Transport of preproteins across the inner mitochondrial membrane requires the action of the matrix heat shock protein Hsp70. Together with its co-chaperone mitochondrial GrpE (Mge1), mtHsp70 transiently binds to the inner membrane translocase subunit Tim44 in a nucleotide-regulated manner, forming an ATP-dependent import driving machinery. We report that a mutant form of Mge1 (Mge1-100) is completely absent in mtHsp70-Tim44 complexes, although its ability to interact with soluble mtHsp70 is only partially reduced. While this mge1-100 mutation only partially retards preprotein translocation into the matrix, it exerts a selective effect on sorting of cytochrome b2 to the intermembrane space. A cytochrome b2 with an altered sorting signal, which is only processed to the intermediate stage and mistargeted to the matrix of wild-type mitochondria, is processed to the mature form and correctly targeted to the intermembrane space of mge1-100 mitochondria. These results suggest that (1) Mge1-100 discriminates between soluble and membrane-bound mtHsp70 and (2) the membrane-bound mtHsp70-Mge1 driving system competes with the sorting machinery for translocation of preproteins like cytochrome b2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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