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Acta Physiol Scand. 1997 Oct;161(2):203-10.

Metabolite accumulation increases adenine nucleotide degradation and decreases glycogenolysis in ischaemic rat skeletal muscle.

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Department of Human Biology and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


Adenine nucleotides and glycogen are degraded in skeletal muscle during no-flow ischaemia. Past investigations have ascribed these metabolic changes to the severe energetic stress which arises with the removal of exogenous substrates (principally oxygen). We tested this hypothesis by measuring the high-energy phosphagen and glycogen contents of stimulated rat hindlimb muscles (1 twitch s-1) prior to and following 40 min of no-flow ischaemia or hypoxic perfusion without glucose (PaO2 = 4.6 +/- 0.1 torr, plasma glucose = 0.3 +/- 0.1 mmol L-1). Both experimental protocols eliminated exogenous substrate supply; however, the maintenance of flow during hypoxic perfusion ensured the removal of metabolic by-products. A period of forty minutes of skeletal muscle ischaemia was characterized by reductions in the total adenine nucleotide pool, phosphocreatine and glycogen in the slow oxidative soleus, fast oxidative-glycolytic plantaris and the fast glycolytic white gastrocnemius. Compared to ischaemia, the total adenine nucleotide pool was higher (by 7.2-13.3 mumol g-1 dry wt) and the glycogen content lower (by 10.0-16.6 mumol g-1 dry wt) in skeletal muscle exposed to hypoxic perfusion without glucose. The ability of hypoxic perfusion to attenuate TAN degradation and augment glycogenolysis can be attributed to metabolic by-product removal. By limiting muscle lactate and PCO2 accumulation, hypoxic perfusion without glucose attenuates cellular acidification; this could in turn limit AMP deaminase activation and glycogen phosphorylase inhibition. We conclude that the ischaemia-induced alterations in adenine nucleotide and glycogen metabolism arise in response to the elimination of exogenous substrates and to the accumulation of metabolic by-products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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