Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Acad Dermatol. 1997 Nov;37(5 Pt 1):734-9.

Merkel cell carcinoma: analysis of clinical, histologic, and immunohistologic features of 132 cases with relation to survival.

Author information

Laboratory Corporation of America, Herndon, Virginia, USA.



Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon malignancy of the skin and has a high rate of recurrence and metastasis. There have been few large studies of the biologic behavior of MCC.


Our purpose was to determine whether there were clinical or histologic features of MCC that predict its biologic behavior.


We reviewed 132 cases of MCC. Clinical and histologic features were correlated with follow-up information to determine whether any of these were associated with prognosis.


Clinical information was available on 126 patients; 57 were alive, 1 was alive with tumor, 28 died of tumor, 27 died from other causes, and 14 were lost to follow-up. MCC on the buttock/thigh area or trunk had the worst prognosis, and those on the distal extremities had the best prognosis; however, the difference was not statistically significant. Sex and age were not significant factors. Small cell size, high mitotic rate, and large tumor size were associated with a low survival rate. When cell size was excluded, male sex and depth of invasion were associated with a worse survival, although these were not statistically significant.


Cell size, mitotic rate, and tumor size are significant factors in relation to the biologic behavior of MCC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center