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Crit Care Med. 1997 Nov;25(11):1827-30.

Brief episodes of ventricular fibrillation do not influence postischemic cerebral perfusion assessed by positron emission tomography.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To establish the defibrillation threshold in patients receiving an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, at least three episodes of ventricular fibrillation are induced and converted back to regular rhythm, using direct current countershocks. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of repeated short episodes of ventricular fibrillation on global and regional cerebral perfusion.

DESIGN:

A prospective, descriptive study.

SETTING:

A positron emission tomography laboratory at a university hospital.

PATIENTS:

Four patients, admitted for defibrillation threshold tests 2 yrs after the implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator, were included in the study. Global and regional cerebral blood flow was measured by cerebral positron emission tomography, using an 15O-labeled tracer under propofol-induced general anesthesia. Electroencephalograms (EEGs) were concomitantly recorded.

INTERVENTIONS:

Induction and conversion of ventricular fibrillation.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

No effect on global cerebral perfusion was observed after induced ventricular fibrillation lasting 21 +/- 3 secs. The average global cerebral perfusion was 23 +/- 1 mL/100 g/min after induction of anesthesia and 31 +/- 8 mL/100 g/min and 24 +/- 2 mL/100 g/min immediately after the termination of the first and second ventricular fibrillation episodes, respectively. Ten minutes after the second and the third threshold tests, global cerebral perfusion was 21 +/- 1 mL/100 g/min and 21 +/- 2 mL/100 g/min, respectively. Regional cerebral perfusion and EEGs were not influenced.

CONCLUSION:

Short episodes of ventricular fibrillation did not induce any measurable effects on global and regional cerebral perfusion detectable by positron emission tomography 30 secs and 10 mins after restitution of sinus rhythm.

PMID:
9366765
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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