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J Urol. 1997 Dec;158(6):2034-44.

Urodynamic effects of various treatment modalities for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Academic Hospital Rotterdam-Dijkzigt, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



I studied the effects of various treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia on urethral resistance.


I reviewed the literature on urodynamic effects of treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Articles that reported pretreatment and posttreatment values of relevant urodynamic parameters were analyzed. Average before and after treatment values of maximum flow rate and detrusor pressure at maximal flow rate for every study were plotted on an Abrams-Griffiths nomogram and classified as obstructed, equivocal or nonobstructed. Average values of maximum flow rate and detrusor pressure at maximal flow rate were calculated for the total number of patients treated by a certain modality.


Based on this analysis, the rank order of urodynamic efficacy was that open prostatectomy is more effective in reducing urethral resistance than is transurethral prostatectomy. These treatments diminish obstruction better than laser treatment or transurethral incision of the prostate, which again are more effective than balloon dilation, alpha-blockers or transurethral microwave thermotherapy. Finally, androgen deprivation performs better than placebo treatment.


The rank order of urodynamic efficacy as determined in this analysis shows a high level of agreement with reported rank order of symptomatic efficacy of various modalities. After placebo treatment there is no significant change in urethral resistance. This finding indicates that pressure-flow studies are a sensitive way to compare active to placebo treatment and that pressure-flow studies have excellent long-term reproducibility.

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