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Am J Hypertens. 1997 Oct;10(10 Pt 2):272S-279S.

Pharmacoeconomics of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in heart failure.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Munich, and the Medical Economics Research Group, Germany.


As a result of the increasing cost of health care and the limited resources available, it has become more difficult to allocate resources efficiently and effectively in the health care system. This environment has led to the development of pharmacoeconomic studies, which have been designed in response to the need for assessment of the economic benefits of a product prior to its acceptance in the market. The field of pharmacoeconomics has grown rapidly, especially in relation to the development of new pharmacological products. Economic analysis is now routinely incorporated into many clinical trials, and this type of information, in conjunction with the usual safety and efficacy data, is becoming more important to pharmaceutical companies, regulatory authorities, third party payers, and end-users. The cost-effectiveness of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for the treatment of heart failure has been evaluated on the basis of a number of large-scale studies, including the Survival and Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) study and the Veterans Administration Cooperative Vasodilator Heart Failure Trials (V-HeFT I and II). The cost-effectiveness of the ACE inhibitor captopril compares favorably with other cardiac interventions, reducing both mortality and the incidence of congestive heart failure (CHF). Captopril also appears to be cost-effective in the treatment of patients with left ventricular dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction. In addition, analysis of more recent studies of the treatment of fosinopril in patients with mild to moderate CHF have been performed and have proved this newer ACE inhibitor to be cost-saving in these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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