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Mol Microbiol. 1997 Sep;25(5):883-91.

Zinc(II) tolerance in Escherichia coli K-12: evidence that the zntA gene (o732) encodes a cation transport ATPase.

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Division of Life Sciences, King's College London, UK.


A transposon (Tn 10dCam) insertion mutant of Escherichia coli K-12 was isolated that exhibited hypersensitivity to zinc(II) and cadmium(II) and, to a lesser extent, cobalt(II) and nickel (II). The mutated gene, located between 75.5 and 76.2 min on the chromosome, is named zntA (for Zn(II) transport or tolerance). The metal-sensitive phenotype was complemented by a genomic DNA clone mapping at 3677.90-3684.60 kb on the physical map. Insertion of a kanamycin resistance (KnR) cassette at a SalI site in a subcloned fragment generated a plasmid that partially complemented the zinc(II)-sensitive phenotype. DNA sequence analysis revealed that the KnR cassette was located within the putative promoter region of an ORF (o732 or yhhO) predicted to encode a protein of 732 amino acids, similar to cation transport P-type ATPases in the Cpx-type family. Inverse PCR and sequence analysis revealed that the Tn 10dCam element was located within o732 in the genome of the zinc(II)-sensitive mutant. The zntA mutant had elevated amounts of intracellular and cell surface-bound Zn(II), consistent with the view that zntA+ encodes a zinc(II) efflux protein. Exposure of the zntA mutant to cobalt(II) and cadmium(II) also resulted in elevated levels of intracellular and cell surface-bound metal ions.

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