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Neuropharmacology. 1997 Sep;36(9):1141-7.

Structure-function analysis of inhibitory adenosine receptor regulation.

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1
Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Glasgow, U.K.

Abstract

Pharmacological and molecular cloning studies have revealed the presence of four adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes, termed A1, A2A, A2B and A3. Given that the A1 and A3ARs can both bind adenosine and couple productively to inhibitory G-proteins, the significance of the existence of multiple inhibitory AR subtypes remains obscure, although one possibility is that these receptors are regulated in a subtype-specific manner. In this review, we summarize our investigations into the mechanisms underlying the agonist-induced desensitization of inhibitory AR function. The results of this work demonstrate that while the A1AR desensitizes slowly over a time course of several hours, the A3AR desensitizes within minutes of agonist exposure. Molecular biological studies have begun to delineate the structural requirements responsible for these differences, and will provide a basis for future experiments designed to determine whether the ability of an inhibitory AR receptor subtype to 'turn-off' at a specific rate has implications for the physiological role of that receptor.

PMID:
9364469
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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