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Med J Aust. 1997 Oct 20;167(8):412-5.

Hip fracture in elderly men: prognostic factors and outcomes.

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St George Hospital, Sydney, NSW.



To examine prognostic factors and outcomes after hip fracture in men aged 60 years and older.


Cohort study of all men presenting to St George Hospital (a 650-bed tertiary care centre) with hip fractures in 1995, recruited retrospectively from medical records and evaluated prospectively at six and 12 months after fracture.


51 men aged 60 years or more (and, for comparison, 51 age-matched women) who presented with hip fracture not caused by high impact injuries or local bone disease.


Prognostic factors (such as pre-existing illness and osteoporotic risk factors) and outcome data (such as fracture-related complications, mortality, and level of function as measured by the Barthel index of activities of daily living at six and 12 months postfracture).


Median age of the 51 men was 80 years (interquartile range, 74-86 years); four were aged under 70 years. Outcome assessment was possible for 41 men (80%). Similar proportions of men and women came from institutions (32% v. 28%), and similar additional proportions required institutionalisation after discharge (18% v. 14%). Fracture-related complications affected similar proportions of men and women (30% v. 32%), and mean length of hospital stay was similar. Fourteen per cent of men died in hospital compared with only 6% of women (P = 0.06). Men had more risk factors for osteoporosis (P < 0.01). Physical functioning (measured by the Barthel index) deteriorated significantly in men from 14.9 at baseline to 13.4 at six months (P < 0.05) and 12.4 at 12 months (P < 0.05) after fracture.


Compared with women, elderly men presenting with hip fracture have higher mortality and have more risk factors for osteoporosis. Like women with hip fracture, men are usually fragile, with pre-existing medical illness and fracture-related complications contributing to their overall poor outcomes.

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