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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1997 Oct;114 Suppl 1:75-7.

Activation of eosinophils with cytokines produced by lung mast cells.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Gunma University, School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.


Here we show that the supernatant from activated lung mast cells induced the release of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) from eosinophils. Lung mast cells were purified using affinity magnetic selection with monoclonal antibody (mAb) YB5.B8 to achieve a final mast cell purity of 93-99%. Eosinophils were purified by immunomagnetic negative selection (>98.0% pure). The supernatant was obtained from lung mast cells activated for 24 h with 1 microg/ml anti-IgE and 50 ng/ml stem cell factor (SCF). Human eosinophils were incubated with various concentrations of the supernatants for 4 h and ECP released was measured by RIA. Using 4 different donors' supernatant from mast cells, each donor's supernatant caused a dose-dependent release of ECP from eosinophils. The dilutant of 1:2 (v/v) of the supernatant induced 657.5 +/- 55.6 ng/10(6) eosinophils of ECP which is statistically significant (p = 0.008, n = 4) compared with the culture medium alone. Anti-interleukin (IL-5 neutralizing mAb, 10 microg/ml, and anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) neutralizing mAb, 10 microg/ml, significantly inhibited the supernatant-induced ECP release in 79.3 +/- 9.4 and 68.2 +/- 14.1% (mean +/- SEM, n = 6, p < 0.005), respectively. Anti-granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) neutralizing mAb, 50 microg/ml, caused 68.0 +/- 6.1% of inhibition (p = 0.002). The isotype negative control had no measurable inhibitory or stimulatory effect for the stimuli. We confirmed that mast cells produce IL-5, GM-CSF and TNF alpha in response to IgE-dependent stimulation by using RT-PCR, in situ hybridization, ELISA and immunocytochemistry. A million of lung mast cells generated 41.4 pg (7.0-273.6) (median with range) of TNF alpha, 252.6 pg (158.7-3,652) of GM-CSF and 735 pg (< 10-2,750) of IL-5 24 h after activation with SCF and anti-IgE. These findings indicate that the human mast cells may contribute to the chronicity of tissue inflammation.

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