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Curr Opin Pulm Med. 1996 Jul;2(4):277-84.

Surgical aspects of non-small cell lung carcinoma.

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Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, CA 94305, USA.


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the United States. Although lung cancer has been treated aggressively by surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, alone or in combination, survival is still in the 12% to 15% range at 5 years. All curative treatment plans for patients with non-small cell lung cancer include resectional surgery. Despite the dismal outlook there is hope, because improvements in outcome for patients undergoing surgical treatment have been realized. Definite progress has been made in reducing operative mortality and morbidity, helping to increase long-term survival. Advances that have contributed to these successes include improved preoperative evaluation in staging and patient selection criteria, the use of newer techniques such as video-assisted or open limited resections in selected instances, and the use of neoadjuvant therapy. These topics are addressed here, as are techniques for locally advanced tumors and options for palliation.

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