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J Exp Med. 1997 Nov 17;186(10):1749-56.

Suppressive role of B cells in chronic colitis of T cell receptor alpha mutant mice.

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1
Immunopathology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

The role of antibodies (Abs) in the development of chronic colitis in T cell receptor (TCR)-alpha-/- mice was explored by creating double mutant mice (TCR-alpha-/- x immunoglobulin (Ig)mu-/-), which lack B cells. TCR-alpha-/- x Ig mu-/- mice spontaneously developed colitis at an earlier age, and the colitis was more severe than in TCR-alpha-/- mice. Colitis was induced in recombination-activating gene-1 (RAG-1-/-) mice by the transfer of mesenteric lymph node (MLN) cells from TCR-alpha-/- x Ig mu-/- mice. When purified B cells from TCR-alpha-/- mice were mixed with MLN cells before cell transfer, colitis did not develop in RAG-1-/- mice. Administration of the purified Ig from TCR-alpha-/- mice and a mixture of monoclonal autoAbs reactive with colonic epithelial cells led to attenuation of colitis in TCR-alpha-/- x Ig mu-/- mice. Apoptotic cells were increased in the colon, MLN, and spleen of TCR-alpha-/- x Ig mu-/- mice as compared to Ig mu-/- mice and TCR-alpha-/- mice. Administration of the purified Ig from TCR-alpha-/- mice into TCR-alpha-/- x Ig mu-/- mice led to decrease in the number of apoptotic cells. These findings suggest that although B cells are not required for the initiation of colitis, B cells and Igs (autoAbs) can suppress colitis, presumably by affecting the clearance of apoptotic cells.

PMID:
9362534
PMCID:
PMC2199135
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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