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Curr Opin Pediatr. 1997 Oct;9(5):459-64.

Current concepts in laceration repair.

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1
Pediatric Emergency Services, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822-3102, USA.

Abstract

Lacerations account for a significant number of emergency department and urgent care clinic visits for pediatric patients. Children represent a unique challenge in repairing lacerations because of their developmental and behavioral characteristics, making rapidity, ease of performance, and minimal pain particularly desirable. This review focuses on three concepts in laceration repair where there have been significant advances in the past several years in terms of new techniques and drugs. New pharmacologic modalities such as the fentanyl oralet for sedation of children are discussed as well as important nonpharmacological techniques such as parental presence. Topical administration of anesthetics such as tetracaine, adrenaline, and cocaine and lidocaine, epinephrine, and tetracaine offers the advantage of replacing lidocaine infiltration and provides an effective, safe, and painless alternative for local anesthesia. Finally, the introduction of cyanoacrylate tissues adhesives such as Histoacryl Blue (Trihawk International, Montreal, Canada) and Dermabond (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) appear to be an ideal technique for laceration closure in children because they are easy and rapid to apply, are relatively painless, eliminate the need for suture removal, and provide an acceptable cosmetic result.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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