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Mutat Res. 1997 Sep;382(1-2):67-74.

G to C transversion at a splice acceptor site causes exon skipping in the cystatin B gene.

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Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-0720, USA.


Several mutations have been described in the proteinase inhibitor cystatin B gene from individuals affected with progressive myoclonus epilepsy of the Unverricht-Lundborg type (EPM1). One of these mutations, a 1925G-->C transition at the 3'-splice acceptor site of the intron 1, was postulated to lead to inappropriate splicing of a primary transcript of the cystatin B gene in EPM1 patients. In an effort to understand the expression of the 1925G-->C mutation, the sequence of cystatin B mRNA transcripts from lymphoblastoid cell lines of heterozygous patients carrying the mutation were analyzed. RT-PCR of total mRNA showed two main products: the apparently normal transcript and an aberrant, 102 bp shorter transcript. Direct PCR sequencing showed that the aberrant transcript is a consequence of exon 2 skipping.

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