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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1997 Oct;20(10 Pt 1):2463-9.

Effect of ventricular pacing on coronary blood flow in patients with normal coronary arteries.

Author information

1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Abstract

Although ventricular pacing is thought to produce impairment of left ventricular function by altering the sequence of ventricular activation and AV dyssynchrony, little is known about the effect of ventricular pacing on coronary blood flow. We measured coronary blood flow and coronary flow reserve in the left anterior descending coronary artery during sinus rhythm, and during both atrial and ventricular pacing at a rate of 100 ppm in 14 patients with normal coronary arteries. The double product increased significantly during both types of pacing. Coronary arterial diameter during ventricular pacing significantly increased compared to that during both sinus rhythm and atrial pacing. Coronary flow velocity during ventricular pacing was significantly lower compared to that during both sinus rhythm and atrial pacing. Coronary blood flow increased significantly during atrial pacing (30.7% +/- 12.1%; P < 0.001), but not significantly during ventricular pacing (23.6% +/- 47.0%; P = ns). While coronary flow reserve during both atrial (3.9 +/- 1.3) and ventricular pacing (3.8 +/- 0.9) was lower compared to its value during sinus rhythm (4.5 +/- 1.5), the difference was not significant. There was a significant positive correlation between the coronary flow reserve during sinus rhythm and the increase of coronary blood flow during ventricular pacing (R2 = 0.78; P < 0.001). We concluded that an increase in coronary blood flow during ventricular pacing is not a common finding regardless of the increase in metabolic demand. The increase of coronary blood flow during ventricular pacing was less in patients with a reduced coronary flow reserve. These findings suggest that preservation of AV synchrony and the presence of a normal sequence of ventricular activation may play an important role in preserving coronary blood flow in this subset of patients.

PMID:
9358488
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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