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Gene. 1997 Oct 15;199(1-2):271-7.

The Azotobacter vinelandii alg8 and alg44 genes are essential for alginate synthesis and can be transcribed from an algD-independent promoter.

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Departamento de Microbiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Morelos.


A 2.8-kb DNA region, located immediately downstream of algD, contains the A. vinelandii alg8 and alg44 genes, whose sequences are highly homologous to those of the corresponding Pseudomonas aeruginosa genes. These genes occur on a transcript that does not include algD, and are transcribed from a promoter different from that transcribing algD; this is the fourth promoter described within the alginate biosynthetic gene cluster. alg8 and alg44 mutants were constructed and shown to be completely impaired in alginate production. Alg8 shares 28.20% identity and 38.09% similarity to Azorhizobium caulinodans NodC, a glycosyl transferase catalyzing the formation of beta-1,4 linkages. A topological model is predicted, which supports the idea of Alg8 being the polymerase responsible for alginate synthesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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