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Am J Physiol. 1997 Oct;273(4 Pt 1):G913-9.

Mechanism of inhibition of Na+-glucose cotransport in the chronically inflamed rabbit ileum.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Ohio State University School of Medicine, Columbus 43210, USA.


In a rabbit model of chronic ileal inflammation, we previously demonstrated that coupled NaCl absorption was reduced because of an inhibition of Cl-/HCO3- but not Na+/H+ exchange on the brush-border membrane (BBM) of villus cells. In this study we determined the alterations in Na+-stimulated glucose [Na+-O-methyl-D-glucose (Na+-OMG)] absorption during chronic ileitis. Na+-OMG uptake was reduced in villus cells from the chronically inflamed ileum. Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase), which provides the favorable Na+ gradient for this cotransporter in intact cells, was found to be reduced also. However, in villus cell BBM vesicles from the inflamed ileum Na+-OMG uptake was reduced as well, suggesting an effect at the level of the cotransporter itself. Kinetic studies demonstrated that Na+-OMG uptake in the inflamed ileum was inhibited by a decrease in the maximal rate of uptake for OMG without a change in the affinity. Analysis of steady-state mRNA and immunoreactive protein levels of this cotransporter demonstrates reduced expression. Thus Na+-glucose cotransport was inhibited in the chronically inflamed ileum, and the inhibition was secondary to a decrease in the number of cotransporters and not solely secondary to an inhibition of Na+-K--ATPase or altered affinity for glucose.

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