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Am J Physiol. 1997 Oct;273(4 Pt 1):C1354-61.

Adenosine stimulates Cl- channels of nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells.

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Department of Physiology, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6085, USA.


Ciliary epithelial cells possess multiple purinergic receptors, and occupancy of A1 and A2 adenosine receptors is associated with opposing effects on intraocular pressure. Aqueous adenosine produced increases in short-circuit current across rabbit ciliary epithelium, blocked by removing Cl- and enhanced by aqueous Ba2+. Adenosine's actions were further studied with nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells from continuous human HCE and ODM lines and freshly dissected bovine cells. With gramicidin present, adenosine (> or = 3 microM) triggered isosmotic shrinkage of the human NPE cells, which was inhibited by the Cl- channel blockers 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoate (NPPB) and niflumic acid. At 10 microM, the nonmetabolizable analog 2-chloroadenosine and AMP also produced shrinkage, but not inosine, UTP, or ATP. 2-Chloroadenosine (> or = 1 microM) triggered increases of whole cell currents in HCE cells, which were partially reversible, Cl- dependent, and reversibly inhibited by NPPB. Adenosine (> or = 10 microM) also stimulated whole cell currents in bovine NPE cells. We conclude that occupancy of adenosine receptors stimulates Cl- secretion in mammalian NPE cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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