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J Neurophysiol. 1997 Nov;78(5):2790-4.

Axotomy increases the excitability of dorsal root ganglion cells with unmyelinated axons.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Abstract

Axotomy increases the excitability of dorsal root ganglion cells with unmyelinated axons. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 2790-2794, 1997. To better understand the neuronal mechanism of neuropathic pain, the effect of axotomy on the excitability of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells with unmyelinated axons (C cells) was investigated. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings were performed on intact DRG cells with intact axons or with axons transected 7-12 days earlier. C cells were identified by 1) soma size, 2) action potential morphology, 3) conduction velocity, and 4) in some cases, injection of Fast Blue into the injured nerve fibers. Axotomy reduced (more negative) action potential threshold but did not significantly change resting membrane potential, action potential duration, or maximal depolarization rate. Axotomy significantly increased the peak sodium current measured under voltage-clamp conditions. In Fast Blue-labeled (injured) cells, the tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive current was enhanced while the TTX-resistant current was reduced. These results suggest that axotomy increased the excitability of C cells, possibly because of a preferential increase in expression of TTX-sensitive sodium currents.

PMID:
9356426
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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