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Blood. 1997 Nov 15;90(10):3936-42.

Regulation of myosin phosphatase through phosphorylation of the myosin-binding subunit in platelet activation.

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  • 12nd Department of Internal Medicine, Mie University School of Medicine, Tsu Mie, Japan.


Human platelets were found to contain myosin phosphatase consisting of a 38-kD catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase type 1delta, a 130-kD myosin-binding subunit (MBS) and a 20-kD subunit, all of which cross-reacted with antibodies against these subunits of smooth muscle myosin phosphatase. Anti-MBS antibody coimmunoprecipitated RhoA and Rho-kinase of human platelets. Platelets MBS is a substrate for Rho-kinase and phosphorylation of MBS decreases the activity of myosin phosphatase. Treatment of intact platelets with 9, 11-epithio-11,12-methano-thromboxane A2 led to a dramatic increase in phosphorylation of MBS and a significant decrease in the activity of myosin phosphatase. These findings suggest a putative mechanism for agonist-induced regulation of myosin phosphatase activity in platelets.

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