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Biochemistry. 1997 Nov 4;36(44):13611-6.

Pulse radiolysis studies on cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha: evidence for a fast intramolecular electron transfer from c-heme to d1-heme.

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The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Japan.


Electron transfer within cytochrome cd1 from Thiosphaera pantotropha was investigated by the technique of pulse radiolysis. The reduction of the heme centers in this nitrite reductase occurred in two phases as judged from kinetic difference spectra. In the faster phase, radiolytically generated N-methylnicotinamide (NMA) radicals selectively reduced the c-heme of the enzyme. From the absorbance increase at 420 nm, a characteristic of formation of the ferrousc-heme, the second-order rate constant for this electron transfer process was estimated to be 3.8 x 10(9) M-1 s-1 at pH 7.0. In the slower phase, a decrease of absorption around 420 and 550 nm, corresponding to a reoxidation of the c-heme, was accompanied by an increase of absorption around 460 and 640 nm, characteristic of formation of the reduced d1-heme. This indicated that an intramolecular electron transfer from the c-heme to the d1-heme occurred. The first-order rate constant of this process was calculated to be 1.4 x 10(3) s-1 at pH 7.0 and was independent of the enzyme concentration. In the presence of nitrite the interheme electron transfer rate was not affected, but on a time scale of seconds a new species associated with the d1-heme, having an absorption maximum at 640 nm, was detected and is proposed to reflect ligand binding to this heme. These results suggest the role of the c-heme as the electron acceptor site in cytochrome cd1 and in mediating the electron transfer to the catalytic site of the enzyme. Moreover, the fast interheme electron transfer rate argues against this process being the rate determining step in catalysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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