Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuron. 1997 Oct;19(4):825-35.

Potentiation of developing synapses by postsynaptic release of neurotrophin-4.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0357, USA.


The hypothesis that synaptic functions can be regulated by neurotrophins secreted from the postsynaptic cell was examined in Xenopus nerve-muscle cultures. Neuromuscular synapses formed on myocytes overexpressing neurotrophin-4 (M+ synapses) exhibited a higher level of spontaneous synaptic activity and enhanced evoked synaptic transmission as compared to those formed on normal control myocytes (M- synapses). The NT-4 effects involve a potentiation of presynaptic transmitter secretion as well as a lengthening of the mean burst duration of postsynaptic low conductance acetylcholine channels. Repetitive stimulation of either the presynaptic neuron or the postsynaptic myocyte led to a potentiation of synaptic transmission at M+ synapses. All potentiation effects of NT-4 overexpression were abolished by the extracellular presence of TrkB-IgG but not by the presence of TrkA-IgG, indicating that postsynaptic secretion of NT-4 was responsible for the synaptic modification.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center