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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1997 Nov;44(11):1122-7.

Nanoliter volume, high-resolution NMR microspectroscopy using a 60-micron planar microcoil.

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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA.


Previous studies demonstrated the feasibility of using 100-microns inner diameter planar spiral inductors (microcoils) as detectors in 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) microspectroscopy. However, high-resolution NMR applications were not possible due to poor spectral resolution and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). These limitations in performance have now been largely overcome by using a nonconductive liquid fluorocarbon (FC-43) to minimize the effects of susceptibility mismatch between materials, and by carefully optimizing the microcoil geometry for maximum SNR. In this study, liquid samples were loaded into a fused silica capillary (75-microns inner diameter, 147-microns outer diameter). The capillary was positioned 50 microns above a 3.5-turn microcoil so that approximately 1 nL of the sample was present in the sensitive region of the microcoil. The microcoil was fabricated on a gallium arsenide substrate with an inner diameter of 60 microns, an outer diameter of 200 microns, trace width of 10 microns, trace spacing of 10 microns, and trace height of 3 microns. At 5.9 T (250 MHz) in 1H-NMR microspectroscopy experiments using a spectral width of 1 kHz, 4096 sampled data points, and a recovery delay of 1 s, a SNR of 25 (per acquisition) and a spectral linewidth of less than 2 Hz were obtained from a sample of water. These results demonstrate that planar microcoils can be used for high-resolution NMR microspectroscopy. Such coils may also be suitable for localized NMR studies at the cellular level and as detectors in capillary electrophoresis or microbore liquid chromatography.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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