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Exp Anim. 1997 Oct;46(4):303-6.

Subcapsular cell hyperplasia and mast cell infiltration in the adrenal cortex of mice: comparative study in 7 inbred strains.

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Laboratory of Experimental Toxicology, National Institute of Industrial Health, Kawasaki, Japan.


Subcapsular cell hyperplasia (SCH) in the adrenal cortex of aged mice (13-15 months old) was frequent in both sexes of BALB/c, C3H/He, DBA/2J and IQI/Jic mice and in the females of A/J and C57BL/6, although the incidence and severity of SCH were considerably different among mouse strains. Mast cells were closely associated with SCH in the A/J, BALB/c, C57BL/6, DBA/2J and IQI/Jic mice, but not in the C3H/He strain. Compared with other strains, IQI/Jic mice had a significantly larger number of mast cells in the adrenal glands. Our findings suggest that mast cells may participate in the development of SCH, and IQI/Jic would be suitable for studying the pathogenesis of SCH and the role of mast cells in this lesion.

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