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Biochem Pharmacol. 1997 Oct 1;54(7):781-9.

Differential effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors and an inhibitor of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade on degranulation and superoxide production of human neutrophil granulocytes.

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Department of Physiology, Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary.


The effects of two different tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein and erbstatin analog) and an inhibitor (2'-amino-3'-methoxyflavone; PD98059) of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase on the primary granule exocytosis and superoxide (O2.-) production of human neutrophil granulocytes were compared. The effector responses induced by stimulation of the chemotactic receptors by formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine and platelet-activating factor were blocked both by genistein and erbstatin analog. In contrast, degranulation and O2.- production triggered by the activation of protein kinase C with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate were reduced by erbstatin analog but not by genistein. This inhibitory pattern was observed in both effector responses, but the sensitivity of O2.- production toward tyrosine kinase inhibition was markedly higher than that of degranulation. PD98059 caused no considerable effect on any of the above responses. The data presented indicate that tyrosine kinases are involved not only in the respiratory burst but also in the organization of the degranulation response of neutrophil granulocytes. It is suggested that several tyrosine kinases of different inhibitor sensitivity may participate in the transduction of extracellular signals. However, activation of the MAP kinase cascade does not appear to be involved in either of the investigated biological responses of the neutrophils.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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